To solve congestion problems facing many hospitals in developing countries, baby cots are being eliminated and mothers are made to sleep on the same bed with their new-born babies; a practice known as co-sleeping. The work presented here seeks to reduce risks of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS and suffocation associated with co-sleeping by employing the formal engineering design process to develop a portable, safe and cost effective baby cot.
There are ventilation ports provided to keep the temperature within the cot comfortable. The design can be modified to be used by older babies and may be mounted on a collapsible stand where space limitations are not critical. Introduction Several hundred years ago, there were no baby beds and babies were made to sleep with their parents.
Baby cots, sometimes known as cribs or cradles, became popular during the 19th century  and are small beds specifically for infants and generally for young children mostly under the age of four 4. They are usually designed to restrict the baby to the sleeping area by producing very high sides to prevent the baby from climbing.
Both mattresses have three layers and the cover. When the bed becomes too short, simply change the sides and base of the bed with the junior kit that is included when purchasing the Leander.
They also provide no footholds. The existing baby cots are usually bulky, making it necessary for many hospitals in resource-limited and congested hospitals, especially in developing countries, including Ghana to eliminate them. Personal visits to some hospitals in Accra, Ghana, including the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital and the University of Ghana Hospital revealed that baby cots are not in use.
Healthcare professionals explained that baby cots have been eliminated in order to save space and promote bonding between mothers and their babies. Many hospitals are therefore practicing co-sleeping where nursing mothers are made to sleep on the same bed with their babies.
Co-sleeping is defined as an umbrella term that includes the practice of bed sharing with a caretaker or other family members, proximate sleeping arrangements, and room sharing during sleep . A need was thus identified for an alternative to the currently available, bulky or expensive baby cots. Sowah Boris Nii-Ako et al.
These major objectives together with other supporting objectives were organized into an objective tree as shown in Figure 1 below: Design, Testing and Evaluation Figure 2 below shows an annotated schematic diagram of the designed baby cot.
The various parts of the cot are subsequently described and other representations of the cot are shown in Figures 3 and 4. The bill of materials is presented as Table 1. Schematic diagram of the baby cot Sowah Boris Nii-Ako et al. A high density and hard surface mattress made from polyurethane of thickness up to 15 cm was selected in conformity to standards . Additionally, restrictive materials to ensure safety against suffocation were provided .
The restrictive materials rectangular shapedfoams are fastened to the mattress by Velcro strips. Top perspective view showing the sleeping surface of PAC without the mattress. The collapsible baby cot is rectangular in shape with one open end to allow for easy access of the baby by the mother; a means of promoting bonding between the baby and the mother.
The baby cot has a total of fifteen 15 ventilation ports, each having dimensions of 0. Firstly, the attachment of the three 3 vertical sides to the base sleeping surface.
Secondly, the attachment of the sides together and finally, the attachment of the assembled baby cot to the bed of the mother. The sides are attached to the sleeping surface by hinges and the sides are held together by metallic locks. There are two flexible belts attached to the side adjacent the open end. These flexible belts are fixed to the cot by the help of washers and screws.
The free ends of the flexible belts have two holes perforated on each to be used to attach to the bed using washers and screws.
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